Course Director

Leonard Calabrese
Leonard Calabrese, DO

Department of Rheumatic & Immunologic Diseases
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, OH


Ted R. Mikuls

University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Omaha

Accredited by

Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education

View Activity Materials

Course Description

Learning Objectives
1. Describe how cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for rheumatoid arthritis.
2. Explain how cigarette smoking has been associated with increased disease severity and lower rates of disease remission.
3. Evaluate how inflammation and disease activity is associated with smoking status and its relation to levels of ACPA.
4. Describe methods that current smoking status is associated with elevations in pro-inflammatory cytokines and increased RA disease activity among anti-CCP2-positive‚ÄČRA patients.

Activity Details

Credit Types:CME
Credit Amount:0.50 Credits
Release Date:2017-Feb-15
Expiration Date:2018-Feb-15
Estimated Time for Completion:30 minutes
Registration Required:No

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